The Random Access
The Newsletter of the Computer Users Group of Greeley Colorado
DECEMBER  2014
Issue 27-12
We are located in Beautiful Greeley, Colorado .. just East of the Famous ROCKY MOUNTAINS DECEMBER 13
Dear CUGGers,   Our regular Second-Saturday  meeting is coming up this Saturday, same time same place 1:00 pm to 3:30 pm Classroom 2  Greeley Senior Activity Center, 1010 6th Street, Greeley. The West Parking lot is FREE on Saturdays
H O M E - ABOUT Us - ABOUT Our CITY Special Intrest Groups - COMPUTERS 101 A R T I C L E S - From CUGG - From APCUG From WWWeb - VIDEOS - LINKS M O N T H L Y - PRESIDENTS Corner - GADGETS - PRESENTERS Page - The MONTH that WAS - BACK Issues OPERATING Systems - ANDROID - APPLE (Future Page)
President’s Corner
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The Random Access
Last month (October), Bob Gostischa gave a guest presentation for CUGG on the topic of securing your computer and recommended software to install. It was an informative and useful presentation overall, which most of our attendees evidently enjoyed. I plan to check out a number of the programs that he recommended. One of our long-time members, Ron Mettler followed up last week with his own thoughts about the software mentioned in Bob's presentation. Ron made some good points that are worth considering (as well as sharing some of his recommendations): Memory-resident Programs:  Any program that loads when Windows starts and is always running is by definition a memory-resident program. Such programs may be useful and even necessary. A number of programs called processes are loaded by Windows at boot-time and remain running constantly, serving the needs of the user and the operating system. Some may be installed by the user to perform additional, specialized functions. A prime example is an anti-virus program such as Norton AntiVirus, McAfee, Avast!, and AVG AntiVirus. By always running in the background, an anti-virus program is better able to detect and stop any malware before it takes control of the computer, destroys data, or steals the user's personal information. Because memory-resident programs use up memory and processor time, they do slow the computer down a bit. This is a reason why you are advised not to install two memory- resident anti-virus programs—they can significantly slow your computer and could conflict with each other, causing stability issues with Windows. I do want to note that multiple anti-virus programs can be installed on the same computer without issues, as long as only one is a memory-resident program. A good example of one that is not memory-resident is the free version Malwarebytes Anti-Malware. It only runs when you open it. As such, it can be a useful tool to check your system which may otherwise be protected with a memory-resident program such as Norton AntiVirus. I sometimes use it at home and at work to get a "second opinion" about a suspected malware infection. Driver Update Programs:  Some third-part programs are designed to check your computer's hardware drivers and download and install new versions when they are released. Ron recommends against such programs, as not all drivers updates are required. Windows Update has the ability to check for driver updates and mark any that are recommended, as they fix known hardware issues. I also refrain from spending the time to download and install an updated driver, unless I know it is necessary. I should also add that you don't require a third-party program to check for driver updates—they are available from the manufacturer's website. If your computer is made by a company such as Dell, HP, or Apple, you will find driver updates on their websites. If you purchased and added a hardware device such as a sound card, graphics card, or DVD drive, you can find driver updates on the website of the device's manufacturer. I do not recommend installing drivers that are hosted on non-manufacturer websites, as they could contain malicious software. (The same applies to software updates—always go to the manufacturer's website, not a third-party site.) Any documentation that comes with your computer and devices should include the addresses of their websites, where you can safely search for and download driver updates. Tag-along Programs:  More and more, you will find that many programs that you download to install will come bundled with other unrelated, third-party software. Such software is not only unnecessary, but could be malicious, waste of disk space, and slow down your computer. When installing software, be careful to read every prompt before proceeding. If you see an option to install something else that you were not intending to install, then be certain to uncheck the option to install it. Also be careful of website links that may mislead you to download and install something completely different than what you want, or which have options that will automatically install additional software and change your program settings. (A prime example of this is the Flash Player updates on Adobe's site. If you are not watchful, you may end up installing Google Chrome and letting it take over as your default web browser.) As a final note, be certain to research a new program before installing it. Sites such as PC Magazine and PC World review software and give their recommendations as to what is worthwhile and what is not. Also, CUGG is composed of members who have had years or even decades of computing experience and are willing to serve as resources of information if you have questions or need advice. No question is a "dumb" question, so please speak up if you wish to know whether someone has had experience with a particular program and can provide advice on whether it is safe and worthwhile to install. Just by asking, it is an opportunity for you and other members to learn something new.
Eric Moore
Presenterís Page
1: iPads and iPhones - Tommy Nagel of Simply Mac (Guest Speaker) 2: What is the “cloud” - Eric Moore 3: Q & A - Eric Moore  
We will RECORD most meetings in AUDIO (Stereo). They will be posted to this page after the meeting or the Following Month. This is an experiment .. If you-all want this to continue Please send an email
AUDIO RECORDINGs of the NOVEMBER Meeting
1: My favorite Android programs - Ron Mettler 2: Gadgets - Don Wiegel
APCUG Articles    Our Users Group belongs to this National association. User Groups Newsletter Sites
Now We Have a High Tech Way to Get to Know Your Neighbors By Sandy Berger, CompuKISS www.compukiss.com sandy (at) compukiss.com Do you remember when neighbors knew each other and a neighborhood was a tight-woven community? Well, I do and I miss that. So today I'll tell you about a new, high-tech way to get to know your neighbors. We don’t know our neighbors like we did when I was a kid. We stay inside our air conditioned homes and keep to ourselves. But it doesn’t have to be that way. We can use technology to bring us back to those by-gone days when neighbors joined to form a close-knit community. This can be easily done with a new web service called Nextdoor (www.nextdoor.com). Nextdoor lets neighbors get in touch with each other again. It is a free and private social network for neighborhoods. The first member from the neighborhood is called the Founding Member. To use this website, he or she defines the neighborhood boundaries and gives the neighborhood a name, both of which can be edited in the future, if necessary. The Founding Member can then start inviting neighbors to join. Each member must verify their address. A neighbor who is a verified member of that specific Nextdoor neighborhood can vouch for, and invite another neighbor to join. Accepting such an invitation will allow them to join Nextdoor as a verified member. Each neighbor uses their real name and must verify their address in order to join. Not only is your private information never shared, but it is not accessible by search engines. Nextdoor launched in 2011 and now has over 12,000 neighborhood groups represented. They have communities in all 50 states.  According to its co-founder and CEO, Nirav Tolia, they add about 40 or so neighborhoods each day. Nextdoor lets you share useful stuff with the folks in your immediate vicinity. You can use it for stopping burglars and for spreading crime warnings for the area. You can use it to learn about illnesses, deaths, and other times when a neighbor might need a meal, a ride, or just some moral support. You can also use Nextdoor for advice about contractors and baby-sitters. You can use it as a mini-Craigs list where you can sell or buy things without dealing with strangers.  You can use it to plan a block party or to invite neighbors to an impromptu get together. If your area were to ever encounter a weather-related disaster like a tornado, Nextdoor could be an invaluable asset. Why don’t you try it in your neighborhood? I Want It Now! By Greg Skalka, President, Under the Computer Hood User Group, CA February 2014 Issue, Drive Light www.uchug.org president (at) uchug.org This may sound like the utterance of a tantrum-happy young child, but it also seems to be the mantra of the modern computer and technology user. Our popular culture today is all about instant gratification, and this is spilling over into our technology. Everyone wants instant access to information, communications, finance and commerce wherever they are and no matter what they are doing. While this is a rather tall order, tech companies are doing their best to grant us this wish. We are getting more connected and interconnected all the time. While this can provide great benefits, increasing our knowledge and security and saving us time and money, it can also be detrimental to us in many of the same ways. Are we trading away important aspects of our lives like privacy and individuality for speed and convenience? The engine that drives all the increases in convenience in our lives is the Internet. Computers and tablets are powerful devices but are of relatively little use if not connected to the Internet. The Internet is the connection medium through which all our modern communications and access to information flow. The telecommunication (phone) system was once the most powerful and far-reaching network in the world, but its demotion can be seen in the low percentage of time that the typical smart phone user spends in voice calls. The average smart phone is now being used mostly to check email, monitor social media, play games and provide directions, functions which utilize the Internet. Our desire for increased connectedness and higher connection speeds continues to be met by our service providers, be they cable, telecom or cellular. The promises of online conveniences like streaming entertainment, security camera monitoring and video conferencing cannot be met without broadband Internet connections that are always live. Remember the days when you had to wait until the home phone line was free so you could use your modem to make your dial-up Internet connection? A down or even slow connection is now exasperating to the individual and death to a business. Today almost anyone in the United States can have a broadband connection. Cable companies have upgraded their systems, the phone companies have added fiber and the cellular providers have upped their “G’s” or generations in data networking capabilities. Even those living off the beaten path in rural areas outside the reach of cable can get broadband through satellite connections, using technology developed by our local company, ViaSat. All this capability comes at a price, however. Naturally users were not satisfied to be connected only at home, so our tech industry gave us laptops to travel with. We wanted more portability, so they gave us Wi-Fi, tablets and smartphones. All this new stuff meant we had to buy more hardware (often of multiple kinds for multiple needs) and probably also get a cellular data plan. Now most connected folks pay around $100 combined for home broadband and cellular data, and even more for a family. Though connection speeds keep increasing, so too do rates for service. Comcast buying Time Warner Cable can’t be good for consumer costs. And we in this country pay more and get less bandwidth than a lot of other countries. Some countries may not have good water or sewer systems, but even the poor there have cell phones and five bars. We are getting Google Fiber in an additional 34 major U.S. cities soon, however (but still not in San Diego; I want it now!). We couldn’t get online while onboard, so the airlines are rolling out more in-flight Internet access (for a price). Google knew we’d find tablets and smartphones were not convenient enough, so they developed Google Glasses, and others are working on their own wearable computing devices. Our homes and appliances will soon be connected to the Internet (the IoT, or Internet of Things), so we can monitor our homes remotely and have our fridge tell us when we are low on milk. What these new devices will cost us in privacy and other social and civil issues is yet to be determined. We wanted instant access to our money and finances, and so the banks gave it to us. Now we can get cash anytime from an ATM machine, make purchases without cash by using credit or debit cards and get instant access to our account information at any time. If we want to deposit a check right now, we don’t even have to drive to a bank branch or ATM. We can now just take a photo of the check with our smart phone and deposit it through a banking app. With all of our financial information available online, it was just a matter of time before criminal elements took notice. Now you have to protect and remember lots of unique and complex passwords for all the banking, e-commerce and other online accounts you use, so you can keep your money and identity safe. Unfortunately it is not only in your hands to protect. Financial institutions and merchants that store your information on their computers can be targets for data theft. There is a lot the institutions could do to increase security, like multi-factor authentication and smart chip credit cards, but these things cost money. A few things they have been doing to help prevent fraud are useful but put the onus on the account holder. Most bank and credit card companies encourage their customers to set up alerts on their accounts to help flag suspicious transactions. I have set these up on my accounts and find them very useful. I have my credit cards alert me, through an email and/or a text message, when a purchase is made without the card being presented to the merchant, as in an online purchase. This can help alert you to fraudulent account activity as soon as it happens. My Visa card is set up to send me an alert when a gas pump purchase is made. I use this card often at a particular low-cost gas station and am amazed at how quickly I am notified. After I swipe my card, enter my zip code and press the Enter button on the pump, I can’t count to five before I feel my cell phone vibrating in my pocket with a text informing me of the transaction and location. That is pretty cool! When we want to purchase something, we want it now. E-commerce has allowed the shopper to buy a much wider array of products online than is typically available in neighborhood stores, often at much lower prices. The one advantage for brick and mortar stores is the instant gratification of walking out with your purchase. Online merchants are working hard to minimize delivery time, offering one or two-day delivery for a premium. Amazon’s Prime service provides two-day delivery for many items for an annual subscription fee. Amazon knows we want even more and is looking at using predictive algorithms to pre-position products you are likely to purchase in local warehouses and is even working on 30-minute delivery of small items by autonomous flying quadcopters. I can’t wait (but I’ll bet it won’t be cheap). Taco Bell is working to fulfill our desire for fast food right now. They plan to introduce a mobile ordering system later this year. Through their mobile app, already tested in five locations in Orange County, customers can place an order with the closest Taco Bell location and pay through their phone with credit or gift cards. The order can be picked up in-store or at the drive-through window, and the app will use GPS location to let the store know when the customer is near, so the order is ready and freshness is maintained. I’m not sure I want Taco Bell to know how far I am from their restaurants. Other chains are working on mobile apps of their own. There goes more of our privacy in exchange for quick eats. When we want to watch a movie, we no longer have to wait to buy or rent a DVD (or Blu-ray) or go to a theater. We can watch our entertainment streamed to our computer, tablet or smart phone the instant we want it, in almost any location we choose. We can easily stay connected with our friends through social media like Facebook, allowing us to share our activities and see what everyone else is doing. Unfortunately, when watching other things happening becomes too convenient, doing things yourself can get pushed aside and lots of time can be spent in watching the Internet world go by, with little to show for it. When we miss our far-away loved ones, we can not only speak to them, we can also see them, and at reasonable costs. The Internet has brought us VoIP, or voice over Internet Protocol, and along with it lower rates (often free) for long distance phone calls. Programs like Skype provide video calls at reasonable costs. And for those of us that can’t wait until the afterlife to converse again with our deceased loved ones, a new start-up, Eterni.me, promises to help. Through access to a dead person’s online interactions (chat logs, social network information, emails), they claim to use artificial intelligence algorithms to construct an avatar or virtual person that the living can interact with. It could be like online chat with a dead person. To satisfy our need for instant interactions with help lines and tech support, companies are working on similar avatars with artificial intelligence (even more intelligent than Siri). When we need to talk to a person right now, the avatar would be there and not even require a salary. It would be good if they got to the point where I could not tell if I was talking with a person or a machine. It would be bad if they got to the point where I could not tell if I was talking with a person or a machine. All these advances in convenience and quick access come at the cost of our data security and privacy. We can get quick answers to all our questions, get directions and compare products online, but we must realize that the Technology, computers and the Internet will continue to try to provide what we want (though perhaps not what we need), as long as there is profit in it somewhere for someone. Hopefully we can learn to use these advances for the betterment of ourselves and others, appreciate them, and not become like spoiled children crying “I want it now!” Google and Bing and merchants are all keeping track of what we are asking for and about. Seeking online information about sensitive topics or items might create undesirable associations in the data they hold about us. And while a lot of tech jobs have been created due to the Internet, there have also been some job losses. Just ask the former bank tellers, video rental clerks, encyclopedia salespersons and retail store workers that lost their jobs due to the effects of the Internet
The Month That Was 
November Meeting
Special Interest Group 
Wednesday     3rd WEEK of this MONTH
Computer User’s 101
DECEMBER 17
6pm - 8:30pm Your Questions & Answers
We meet Wednesday this month at 6:00 pm at the Greeley Senior Center, 1010 6th Street.
Hosted by: Don Wiegel
I will be here at 6 pm .. Bring your Cameras and Manuals and I will explain the CONTROLS and how to use them. Anything about Digital Photography .. The Internet .. How to Use YOUR Digital DEVICES. Location:  Senior Activity Center  (Same room as the Monthly meeting) Hosted by: Don Wiegel Don brings his Ultrabook Win8.1 (64) 4-Core Laptop, his iPod 64G, and  his SAMSUNG G4 Smartphone  to this event. He will answer questions on how he uses these devices, and will demonstrate, by Request, any of the “MANY” programs he has installed on his computer. Adobe Photoshop Elements 12 .. AudaCity 1.3 Beta .. MAGIX Music Maker 17 .. MS Auto Collage Maker .. SmartDraw VP .. ACDSee Pro 7 .. Lauyn TOWeb Xara Designer Pro 10 ... Dynamic Auto-Painter .. MAGIX PhotoStory Pinnacle Studio 14 .. Pictures to Exe .. Many Others 2 1/2 Hours of: Your Questions and My Answers This is the time & place to ask those questions that don't get asked in larger group events. The focus is the new beginner to the advanced beginner  .. We usually have a lot of fun while learning .. I will also answer most of your Questions, usually with DEMOs  (Time Permitting).
ANDROID  -  Operating System
The Random Access
Donald E. Wiegel
I have decided to start a new page devoted to the Google Android products. I own a Android phone and NEXUS 10 tablet. I will outline my experiences with this system. Lets get started ....  
Appís
Garfield Daily
TED
ColorNote Notepad Notes
Dropbox
Google Drive
VIDEOS on the WWWeb
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G A D G E T S
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by Mr. Gadget C O O L  GADGETS of the Month
Hi .. I'm the Publisher of this newsletter .. Also known as "Mr. GADGET". Each Month I go to the ENDs of the Internet to find *GADGETS* for the 20 minute presentation at the monthly meeting.  Below are this MONTHS picks .. Just “CLICK” on most of the pictures to go to the SOURCE.       ..... This is a *FUN* few minutes .....
V I D E O
Just FOR the FUN-OF-IT
Watch VIDEO in Web Site

Visit NBCNews.com for breaking news, world news, and news about the economy

V I D E O Watch VIDEO in Web Site
Contact 
Don Wiegel Publisher dwiegel@comcast.net
Eric Moore Webmaster moore.e.s@att.net
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We need you to submit Articles for this newsletter   .. No rules .. Just some of your interesting              Tips & Tricks
S U B M I T S U B M I T
About 
Newsletter The Random Access newsletter is published monthly on CUGG's website. The content consists of original reviews, advice, viewpoints, and other material written by CUGG members. We encourage members to contribute whenever possible for the benefit of members and the public. As you can see from the Sign to the right .. The Instructions, even though technically right, can be confusing.  This groups main mission is to provide clarification. Which comes first .. The Horse .. Or the Cart ??? .
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City of Greeley
The City of Greeley is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Weld County, Colorado, United States.. Greeley is situated 50 miles North of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. It is known as the 50 mile city, as it is also:   50 miles from the capital of Wyoming (Cheyenne). The only City in the USA to be 50 miles from TWO State Capitals. •  50 miles from Estes Park in the Rocky Mountain National Forest. •  50 miles from Fort Morgan, the last of the plains cities on the prairie. The majority of the state is dominated by the mountain ranges and range lands of the Rocky Mountain West, while the Eastern most section of the state includes part of a high altitude prairie region known as the High Plains. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 87,596.  Greeley is the 12th most populous city in the State of Colorado and the most populous city of Weld County .
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