The Random Access
The Newsletter of the Computer Users Group of Greeley Colorado
Issue 28-02
We are located in Beautiful Greeley, Colorado .. just East of the Famous ROCKY MOUNTAINS FEBRUARY 14
Dear CUGGers,   Our regular Second-Saturday  meeting is coming up this Saturday, same time same place 1:00 pm to 3:30 pm Classroom 2  Greeley Senior Activity Center, 1010 6th Street, Greeley. The West Parking lot is FREE on Saturdays
H O M E - ABOUT Us - ABOUT Our CITY Special Intrest Groups - COMPUTERS 101 A R T I C L E S - From CUGG - From APCUG From WWWeb - VIDEOS - LINKS M O N T H L Y - PRESIDENTS Corner - GADGETS - PRESENTERS Page - The MONTH that WAS - BACK Issues OPERATING Systems - ANDROID - APPLE (Future Page)
President’s Corner
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In my June 2014 article, I briefly mentioned Secunia ( Secunia an online resource that can perform a "health check" on your Windows-based computer and alert you to any insecure programs that should be updated. Secunia provides Personal Software Inspector (PSI) for free to home users as an in-browser software scanner and as a program that you may download and install on your computer. (PSI is also available for Android devices.) Either way, you may perform an on-demand scan of your computer to find what programs are outdated and may be vulnerable to hackers and malware attacks. PSI can also run silently in the background whenever Windows is running and notify you as soon as it detects a program that is outdated. If an outdated program is detected, PSI provides information about the program, such as the software maker, version, the relative security risk it poses, and where (in which folder) the program is located. Depending on the program, you may also be given a link to click to download and install the latest version. If a program is outdated and no update is available, then you may be advised to remove it for your safety. Other information provided includes a relative assessment of how safe are your applications and historical data of your computer's security. I have observed that the program detects outdated version of a large variety of software including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Mozilla Thunderbird, Adobe Reader, Adobe Flash Player, Java, and OpenOffice, TrueCrypt. You should not rely on it as your sole program for checking for third-party updates, but it is a useful place to start. (Any software that is not supported may have its own utility for checking on and installing new updates.) Between Windows updates, PSI, and keep your anti-virus software up-to-date, you can go a long way in keeping your computer secure.
Eric Moore
Presenterís Page
We will RECORD most meetings in AUDIO (Stereo) & Sometimes VIDEO. They will be posted to this page after the meeting or the Following Month. This is an experiment .. If you-all want this to continue Please send an email
MOVIES from the January Meeting Will add them in a few days
APCUG Articles    Our Users Group belongs to this National association. User Groups Newsletter Sites
Multitasking: the Big Myth By Diane Fahlbusch, President, ICON PC User Group (ICONPCUG), Long Island, NY May 2014 issue, ICONPCUG Graphic editor (at) Multitasking became the highly touted skill to possess back at the start of the millennium. The business world thought that more work could be accomplished with the same amount of people with this method. However, do we really all mean the same thing when we say it?  Can one learn how to multitask? And, the most important question, does multitasking make one more productive? Well these questions have been the focus of numerous studies worldwide spanning over a decade. They have yielded some interesting results. Multitasking is actually defined as performing more than one task simultaneously. An example of this is holding on a conversation while typing an email to a business associate. According to Earl Miller, a professor of neuroscience at MIT, we just cannot focus on more than one thing at a time.  However, many people use the same expression to describe performing one task at a time, and then switching to another one quickly. Working in one program on your computer, and then switching to a different program in another open window is a common example. This is actually called “task switching”, but it is often lumped under the category of multitasking. Another statement is that one must “learn to multitask”. This is true to a certain extent – all activities are learned. But “learning to multitask” is the wrong expression. What it really means is learning tasks so well that you do not need to concentrate to perform them properly. Think back to when you were four or five years old and just learning how to tie your shoelaces. You needed to concentrate and could not focus on anything else.  But now you probably could NOT tie your shoelaces if you ACTULLY concentrated on doing it. However, when at least one task requires you to concentrate to accomplish it, multitasking is not necessarily happening. One is typically not doing either task well.  As an example, most people listen to the radio while driving. But can you actually name the songs that were played, or remember the words? (Even when not attempting to multitask, most people do not pay attention to the lyrics. Think back to when the President Ronald Reagan quoted “Born in the USA” in a patriotic speech, and missed that it was NOT a patriotic song.) The more prevalent example is driving and talking on the cell phone. In spite of the laws that have been passed, people still do it.  But can one improve one’s multitasking ability? “According to David Strayer, director of the applied cognition lab at the University of Utah, who studies multitasking in the fertile realm of distracted driving, ‘ninety-eight percent of people can't multitask—they don't do either task as well.’ … And he found that, sure enough, the very structure of the supertasker brain looks different than those of 98 percent of us. ‘These brain regions that differentiate supertaskers from the rest of the population are the same regions that are most different between humans and nonhuman primates,’ says Strayer. In other words, the brains of supertaskers are just that much further away from those of apes, ‘the leading edge of evolution,’ says Strayer. Specifically: ‘Certain parts of the frontal cortex are recruited in an interesting way,’ says Strayer. In fact, these areas show less activity when multitasking than do the same areas in normal, human, mammalian, non-alien-overlord brains like mine. And it's distinct—you either efficiently recruit this region or you don't. You're either a supertasker or you're not." 1 So much for learning to multitask! So what about giving task switching a try? Here are some fascinating facts. “In the brain, multitasking is managed by what are known as mental executive functions. These executive functions control and manage other cognitive processes and determine how, when and in what order certain tasks are performed. According to researchers Meyer, Evans and Rubinstein, there are two stages to the executive control process. The first stage is known as ‘goal shifting"’ (deciding to do one thing instead of another) and the second is known as ‘role activation’ (changing from the rules for the previous task to rules for the new task). Switching between these may only add a time cost of just a few tenths of a second, but this can start to add up when people begin switching back and forth repeatedly. This might not be that big of a deal in some cases, such as when you are folding laundry and watching television at the same time. However, if you are in a situation where safety or productivity are important, such as when you are driving a car in heavy traffic, even small amounts of time can prove critical.”3 This gives a greater perspective about what one is actually doing. But what about enhancing the ability to task switch? Switching between rote tasks is relatively simple, but when the tasks become more complicated, the results are quite interesting. This finding is pretty much a no-brainer: “Recent research also proves that as we get older the brain is less able to focus on more than one task at a time, and takes longer to switch between tasks.”2  According to the Harvard Business Review from a study conducted by the Institute of Psychiatry, trying to focus on more than one task DECREASES your productivity by 40%, and lowers your IQ 10 points. The study also found that excessive use of technology also reduced workers’ intelligence. Other studies have shown that multitasking/taskswitching reduces one’s mental abilities TWO TIMES the effect of smoking marijuana, or the equivalent of losing a full night’s sleep. It also increases one’s stress. And of course the all famous talking on the cellphone while driving, even with a hands free device, decreases reaction time the equivalent of a blood alcohol level of .08%. As a side note, having a conversation with a passenger is only slightly less distracting, as per insurance industry statistics. But this finding is actually shocking. “In a 2009 study, Stanford researcher Clifford Nass challenged 262 college students to complete experiments that involved switching among tasks, filtering irrelevant information, and using working memory. Nass and his colleagues expected that frequent multitaskers would outperform nonmultitaskers on at least some of these activities. They found the opposite: Chronic multitaskers were abysmal at all three tasks. The scariest part: Only one of the experiments actually involved multitasking, signaling to Nass that even when they focus on a single activity, frequent multitaskers use their brains less effectively.”4 My mother always said, “Do one thing at a time.  …Turn the television/radio off and do your homework.” She was so right, and ahead of her time. So this adds up to some very harsh realities. Multitasking is a “hardwired” ability for 2% of the population, but a giant myth for 98% of the population. Additionally, tasks requiring the same cognitive ability can NOT be performed simultaneously, such as watching a movie and responding to emails. (Both require visual and linguistic cognition.) Most people are actually task switching. This is fine when the activities are simple tasks that are well learned and do NOT require the same cognitive ability. The more one attempts to task shift, the worse one gets, not to mention damaging to overall mental functioning, perhaps permanently.  One final conclusion from multiple studies is that the people who insist that they can multitask are the WORST at it. Does this sound like anyone you know? 1 “This is Your Brain on Multitasking” by Garth Sundem, February 24, 2012,  2 “Think You’re Multitasking? Think Again”, by Jon Hamilton, October 2, 2008,  3 “The Cognitive Costs of Multitasking”, by Kendra Cherry, March4, 2014, 4 “Don’t Multitask:  You Brain Will Thank you”, by Issie Lapowsky, April 17, 2013,
The Month That Was 
January Meeting
Special Interest Group 
Wednesday     3rd WEEK of this MONTH
Computer User’s 101
6pm - 8:30pm Your Questions & Answers
We meet Wednesday this month at 6:00 pm at the Greeley Senior Center, 1010 6th Street.
Hosted by: Don Wiegel
I will be here at 6 pm .. Bring your Cameras and Manuals and I will explain the CONTROLS and how to use them. Anything about Digital Photography .. The Internet .. How to Use YOUR Digital DEVICES. Location:  Senior Activity Center  (Same room as the Monthly meeting) Hosted by: Don Wiegel Don brings his Ultrabook Win8.1 (64) 4-Core Laptop, his iPod 64G, and  his SAMSUNG G4 Smartphone  to this event. He will answer questions on how he uses these devices, and will demonstrate, by Request, any of the “MANY” programs he has installed on his computer. Adobe Photoshop Elements 12 .. AudaCity 1.3 Beta .. MAGIX Music Maker 17 .. MS Auto Collage Maker .. SmartDraw VP .. ACDSee Pro 7 .. Lauyn TOWeb Xara Designer Pro 10 ... Dynamic Auto-Painter .. MAGIX PhotoStory Pinnacle Studio 14 .. Pictures to Exe .. Many Others 2 1/2 Hours of: Your Questions and My Answers This is the time & place to ask those questions that don't get asked in larger group events. The focus is the new beginner to the advanced beginner  .. We usually have a lot of fun while learning .. I will also answer most of your Questions, usually with DEMOs  (Time Permitting).
ANDROID  -  Operating System
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Donald E. Wiegel
I have decided to start a new page devoted to the Google Android products. I own a Android phone and NEXUS 10 tablet. I will outline my experiences with this system. Lets get started ....  
Garfield Daily
ColorNote Notepad Notes
Google Drive
VIDEOS on the WWWeb
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by Mr. Gadget C O O L  GADGETS of the Month
Hi .. I'm the Publisher of this newsletter .. Also known as "Mr. GADGET". Each Month I go to the ENDs of the Internet to find *GADGETS* for the 20 minute presentation at the monthly meeting.  Below are this MONTHS picks .. Just “CLICK” on most of the pictures to go to the SOURCE.       ..... This is a *FUN* few minutes .....

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V I D E O The rise of the Robo-journalist
Don Wiegel Publisher
Eric Moore Webmaster
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We need you to submit Articles for this newsletter   .. No rules .. Just some of your interesting              Tips & Tricks
Newsletter The Random Access newsletter is published monthly on CUGG's website. The content consists of original reviews, advice, viewpoints, and other material written by CUGG members. We encourage members to contribute whenever possible for the benefit of members and the public. As you can see from the Sign to the right .. The Instructions, even though technically right, can be confusing.  This groups main mission is to provide clarification. Which comes first .. The Horse .. Or the Cart ??? .
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City of Greeley
The City of Greeley is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Weld County, Colorado, United States.. Greeley is situated 50 miles North of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. It is known as the 50 mile city, as it is also:   50 miles from the capital of Wyoming (Cheyenne). The only City in the USA to be 50 miles from TWO State Capitals. •  50 miles from Estes Park in the Rocky Mountain National Forest. •  50 miles from Fort Morgan, the last of the plains cities on the prairie. The majority of the state is dominated by the mountain ranges and range lands of the Rocky Mountain West, while the Eastern most section of the state includes part of a high altitude prairie region known as the High Plains. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 87,596.  Greeley is the 12th most populous city in the State of Colorado and the most populous city of Weld County .
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Past Issues
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