The Random Access
The Newsletter of the Computer Users Group of Greeley Colorado
APRIL 2015
Issue 28-04
We are located in Beautiful Greeley, Colorado .. just East of the Famous ROCKY MOUNTAINS APRIL 11
Dear CUGGers,   Our regular Second-Saturday  meeting is coming up this Saturday, same time same place 1:00 pm to 3:30 pm Classroom 2  Greeley Senior Activity Center, 1010 6th Street, Greeley. The West Parking lot is FREE on Saturdays
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President’s Corner
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Late last year, the board announced to members that dues would be raised to $36.00 a year. The primary motive for doing so was to raise additional funds that would allow CUGG to upgrade the Internet speed at the Senior Center. CUGG currently pays $35.99 a month to CenturyLink for the DSL circuit at the Senior Center, as well $200.00 a year to GreeleyNet for the ISP charge. The speed has generally been adequate, though at times the bandwidth has been slowed enough to cause problems for presentations that require Internet access. Our former president, Jamie Leben, first contacted Comcast to see what deal they could give us on Internet service. As CUGG is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, we stand to benefit from a discount on the usual monthly charge. The only delay was that we had been unable to locate a copy of CUGG's letter of determination, certifying that CUGG is registered with the IRS as a non-profit organization. I took up the responsibility of applying to the IRS to arrange for a copy to be sent to me. I mailed the request last fall and--by the IRS’s estimate--I expected to receive the copy by November 20, 2014. The date came and went, but the document did not arrive. The document finally arrived on April 2, 2015. Now that we have the document, the Board of Directors will move forward to see what deal we can get for Comcast Internet at the Senior Center. The speed increase will cost more, so I ask for members' understanding as to why we raised the dues for the first time in more than ten years. Ideally, we would like to increase income by additional means, such as signing up more members and the raising funds through sponsored advertising on CUGG’s website. We appreciate any support that members can provide. As we are a non-profit, any donations you make to CUGG are tax-deductible. We do also appreciate your support in non-monetary ways by telling your friends, relative, neighbors, and colleagues about CUGG. CUGG's mission continues to be to educate members of the community, not to raise money for its own sake. We appreciate your support and encourage everyone to get the word out as to what CUGG has to offer and why you feel compelled to continue attending our monthly meetings and supporting us through your yearly membership dues.
Eric Moore
Presenterís Page
We will RECORD most meetings in AUDIO (Stereo) & Sometimes VIDEO. They will be posted to this page after the meeting or the Following Month. This is an experiment .. If you-all want this to continue Please send an email
Will add them when I can
APCUG Articles    Our Users Group belongs to this National association. User Groups Newsletter Sites
Windows 7: Turning Your Computer Off or On and Power Options Jim Cerny, 2nd Vice President, Sarasota PCUG, FL June 2014 issue, Sarasota Technology Monitor jimcerny123 (at) It sounds like it should be easy – turning your computer on or off but, unfortunately, there is just a bit more to your computer than a light switch. I hope this article will make this most basic choice a lot clearer to you as well as tell you a little about the power options you have for your computer or tablet. I have to admit that turning your computer on is pretty easy. You press the “on” button on your computer, a light or two may come on, and then you wait. What’s going on when your computer is going through all the steps to start itself up?  Well, the computer is checking itself, making sure the main disk (the “C” drive) is working, and then it must load the “operating system” or main program before you can do anything. In other words, it must start the Windows program on a windows computer or the Apple operating system on an Apple computer, etc. Only when it completes all these “startup” steps will the screen brighten up with your familiar desktop. You may also see a message or two that your computer wants you to know about – such as a new update available for one or more of your programs. If you do get such messages it is always wise to download and install the latest updates for any programs (or apps) that you have. There, that wasn’t so hard, was it? Now how about turning your computer off?  Many businesses tell their employees not to turn their computers off at all, but I always turn my computer completely off if I am not going to use it for a half hour or longer. I don’t want it connected to the internet when I am not using it and I just don’t want to use the electricity to keep it on even in a low power state. It is just my personal choice, but I just feel better knowing my computer is completely off when I am not using it. You probably know that you do NOT turn your computer off by pressing the “on” button. For a Windows computer prior to Windows 8, you should close all your windows first. This lets you see if you forgot to save something that you have been working on. Once all your windows are closed, then click on the “start button” or the “start orb” to get the start menu at the lower left corner of your desktop screen. On the start menu will be the command “shut down” at the bottom – click on it and wait until your screen goes blank and the lights on your computer go off. If you have a laptop computer, a light may stay on to show you that your laptop is connected to your electrical outlet. Now you may close your laptop and, if you are going to be away for a while, unplug the power cord (and phone cord if you have it connected to your computer). During the time your computer is shutting down, it is checking itself, making sure all is neat and tidy inside. You do have other “power down” options available to you on the Start menu. If you click on the little white triangle just to the right of “Shut down” you will get a list of these options. Some of these options are Switch user, Lock, Sleep, and Hibernate.  Hovering your mouse over them will tell you briefly, in a small text box, what each one does. If you want to learn about these different options and perhaps use them, go to Google and enter the exact phrase of the option and you can get many detailed explanations. I almost never use these options. When not using your computer for a day or longer, it is usually wise to disconnect the power cord. A lightning strike near your home may get in and damage your computer, even with a good surge protector connected. (This is a good idea for your TVs too). I had one client that had a surge protector in place but their phone cord was connected directly to the computer. A lightning bolt hit the utility pole outside their home and the surge came in through the phone line and destroyed their “C” drive completely even though, in this case, the surge protector worked fine. Here are some helpful things to consider about turning your computer on or off: If your computer is not working (i.e. is “stuck”) and you cannot use the mouse at all, you can force a shutdown by holding down the “on” button for one or two seconds. Your computer will almost immediately “go blank” and shut down, but it will NOT do all the checking that it would do in a normal shut down. Then when you turn on your computer again, it will do all kinds of additional checks before it starts up. You should not do this “improper shut down” unless you have no other choice, but it should not harm your computer if you do. If your computer takes a long time to start up, it could be due to a virus or something else wrong – it could be a hardware or a software problem. It would be wise to have it checked out by someone who knows what they are doing and getting it “cleaned up” so that it starts quickly and cleanly. Always do a good backup of all your important files first. Laptops have even more power options than desktops because they use a battery. Even if you do not have a laptop, checkout the “Control panel” – then click on “Hardware and sound”, and then “Power options”. You will be amazed. There are options to control how much battery your laptop or tablet uses under various conditions (an important consideration if you are using the battery). Some of these conditions may include how long the computer should stay on when it is not being used and what power options happen when you close your laptop. You should at least view these options so that you know what settings you may wish to change. Note that some settings affect the screen brightness and if passwords are required when “waking up” your computer from a “sleep” or “hibernate” mode. If you have a tablet device, you will also have several power settings and options. Most people only use tablets when they are NOT connected to external power – that is, they are used after the battery has been charged. If you are going to use a tablet (or a laptop) on its battery, you should know and adjust the power settings. These settings determine how long your battery will last. Also, for tablet devices (such as iPads), pressing the power button briefly does not really turn your device completely off. The screen goes blank and your device is in a very low power state, but it is not completely off. To turn my iPad completely off, I hold down the power button for a couple of seconds and then I see a “finger swipe” box which will completely shut down the device. To turn it back on after this requires me to hold down the on button for a couple of seconds as well. In normal use you do not need to completely turn your iPad off. It seems that technology has taken over the simple “on” and “off” functions of our devices so that even these very basic steps have many options and settings to consider. And I think even more options will come in the future, more than we will ever need to use. Remember when TVs had two knobs? – One to turn the set on and adjust the volume, and the other to select the station?  Now my living room has four remote controls each with fifty buttons. Welcome to the future.  
            Back to Basics
Tips on how to build one, or many By Phil Sorrentino, Member of The Computer Club, Florida September 2014 philsorr (at) Playlists are pretty basic. They are just a group of the tunes that you would like to listen to, in a sequenced list. (Yes, I know you can check “shuffle” and get them played in a random sequence.)  And, the mechanics of creating the playlist are pretty straightforward because the music player guides you through the process; and after all, it is just a list of tune titles. The real difficulty, in my experience, has been to decide what to include in a particular playlist. Here is where a well-organized music collection really helps. But how many of us have a really well organized music collection?  Well, maybe there are more of you than I thought; but there is still the problem of remembering titles, and in my case, remembering the artist. It is not much of a problem for the very well-known titles and/or artists like the Beatles, Simon & Garfunkle, Frank Sinatra, Chicago, or Neil Diamond, but how about the tune “Always something there to remind me”, by… Do you remember the group?  It was “Naked Eyes”. Well, I guess you have a better memory than I thought. But for those of you who sometimes have a lapse of memory, here are a few things to do to help the memory situation. The first tool you need a memory jogger. I have found that music playing on the radio is a good memory jogger, so you have to know of a station that plays the type of music you enjoy. (Alternately, a friend might be a good memory jogger, but then, they may also share your problem.)  It would be nice to have your memory jogged while you are sitting right in front of your computer where you could immediately research the tune, but it seems that most of the time, when you hear a song you want to put on a playlist, you are in the car. So for this situation, you need the ability to record the title and/or artist if (by some stroke of luck) you remember them while hearing the tune. But since you may not remember the title or artist, the next best thing is the station you were listening to, and the time you heard the tune. The time will be used with the second tool. The second tool is the radio station’s website. Many stations will refer to their website in between commercials, and it is usually their call letters, dot com. The page on the website that you will want will typically be called something like “Last Song Played”, or “Recent Tracks”. This page will usually give a listing of the songs that were played at a particular time on a particular day. Some may only have a simple music list indexed by time, but some have fairly elaborate lists with navigation capabilities, and even a minimal archive, like what was played yesterday. So now with the memory jogger and the ability to get the tune’s name and artist, all you need is the MP3 file for that tune. If it is in your music collection, you are ready to go to the player and put the tune into the playlist. If you don’t own the tune, you can typically purchase it from iTunes (“iTunes songs are available at one of three price points. In the U.S. the pricing is 0.69 USD, 0.99 USD, or 1.29 USD each. Other countries have similar song price points.”), or you can still buy a CD with the tune on it, and about fifteen or so other tunes (some you might like and some, not so much). Most music players will accept MP3 music files. iTunes can provide the tune in MP3 format; however, if you buy the CD, you will have to “rip” the tune from the CD. Ripping tunes from CDs that you own is legal, and can be done with Windows Media Player. Ripping a CD typically produces MP3 files for each of the tunes on the CD. (Music on a CD is typically not used in a music player, because it is formatted as a WAV music file. WAV files are typically 10 times the size of MP3 files. WAV files are perfect replications of the original music, whereas MP3 files are slightly limited. The MP3 files are typically termed “CD quality” but I suspect a very educated ear might be able to hear a difference. However, I know I cannot hear the difference. I spent 10 years riding the New York City subways.) So now that you have a tune that you want to include in a playlist, which playlist is appropriate? Creating appropriate playlists is even more difficult than deciding on a useful picture folder organization. At least with pictures you can quickly decide on “chronological” or “event” folders. But with music it seems less obvious. Should you put tunes in a list based on artist, genre, time period, or emotion type (love, happy, sad, lonesome, or uplifting). The emotion playlists can be very effective. Actually, many if not all of these groupings seem good to me and I have used many of them. I have playlists for each artist I enjoy, one for happy times, one for Rock & Roll, one for Pre-Rock & Roll, one for Country, one for Folksongs, one for Fun songs, one for Love songs, one for The Big Band Era, many for Specific Holidays, one for Upbeat songs, and many for Special times. I don’t feel you have to limit the number of playlists, and I find that many songs end up in multiple playlists. Just as an example of this “name that tune” technique, for those of you in the Tampa, FL area, try the radio station WDUV (it says it plays lite favorites), 105.5 on the FM dial. It may or may not play music to your liking, but it will illustrate the technique. Their website is at and the recently played tunes list is called “Last Songs Played”. By the way, you can also stream audio from the website, but that will have to be the subject of a future article.
The Month That Was 
March Meeting
Special Interest Group 
Wednesday     3rd WEEK of this MONTH
Computer User’s 101
M A Y 20
6pm - 8:30pm Your Questions & Answers
We meet Wednesday this month at 6:00 pm at the Greeley Senior Center, 1010 6th Street.
Hosted by: Don Wiegel
I will be here at 6 pm .. Bring your Cameras and Manuals and I will explain the CONTROLS and how to use them. Anything about Digital Photography .. The Internet .. How to Use YOUR Digital DEVICES. Location:  Senior Activity Center  (Same room as the Monthly meeting) Hosted by: Don Wiegel Don brings his Ultrabook Win8.1 (64) 4-Core Laptop, his iPod 64G, and  his SAMSUNG G4 Smartphone  to this event. He will answer questions on how he uses these devices, and will demonstrate, by Request, any of the “MANY” programs he has installed on his computer. Adobe Photoshop Elements 12 .. AudaCity 1.3 Beta .. MAGIX Music Maker 17 .. MS Auto Collage Maker .. SmartDraw VP .. ACDSee Pro 7 .. Lauyn TOWeb Xara Designer Pro 10 ... Dynamic Auto-Painter .. MAGIX PhotoStory Pinnacle Studio 14 .. Pictures to Exe .. Many Others 2 1/2 Hours of: Your Questions and My Answers This is the time & place to ask those questions that don't get asked in larger group events. The focus is the new beginner to the advanced beginner  .. We usually have a lot of fun while learning .. I will also answer most of your Questions, usually with DEMOs  (Time Permitting).
SORRY No meeting this MONTH Jamie Wiegel
Jazz festival will be here on Wed April 15 so we will not be able to host your Computer group that evening.
From a Photograph taken through a CAR Window
ANDROID  -  Operating System
The Random Access
Donald E. Wiegel
I have decided to start a new page devoted to the Google Android products. I own a Android phone and NEXUS 10 tablet. I will outline my experiences with this system. Lets get started ....  
Garfield Daily
ColorNote Notepad Notes
Google Drive
VIDEOS on the WWWeb
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by Mr. Gadget C O O L  GADGETS of the Month
Hi .. I'm the Publisher of this newsletter .. Also known as "Mr. GADGET". Each Month I go to the ENDs of the Internet to find *GADGETS* for the 20 minute presentation at the monthly meeting.  Below are this MONTHS picks .. Just “CLICK” on most of the pictures to go to the SOURCE.       ..... This is a *FUN* few minutes .....
Watch VIDEO in Web Site
Don Wiegel Publisher
Eric Moore Webmaster
The Random Access
We need you to submit Articles for this newsletter   .. No rules .. Just some of your interesting              Tips & Tricks
Newsletter The Random Access newsletter is published monthly on CUGG's website. The content consists of original reviews, advice, viewpoints, and other material written by CUGG members. We encourage members to contribute whenever possible for the benefit of members and the public. As you can see from the Sign to the right .. The Instructions, even though technically right, can be confusing.  This groups main mission is to provide clarification. Which comes first .. The Horse .. Or the Cart ??? .
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City of Greeley
The City of Greeley is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous city of Weld County, Colorado, United States.. Greeley is situated 50 miles North of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. It is known as the 50 mile city, as it is also:   50 miles from the capital of Wyoming (Cheyenne). The only City in the USA to be 50 miles from TWO State Capitals. •  50 miles from Estes Park in the Rocky Mountain National Forest. •  50 miles from Fort Morgan, the last of the plains cities on the prairie. The majority of the state is dominated by the mountain ranges and range lands of the Rocky Mountain West, while the Eastern most section of the state includes part of a high altitude prairie region known as the High Plains. According to 2006 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 87,596.  Greeley is the 12th most populous city in the State of Colorado and the most populous city of Weld County .
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